Of small size,
longish body. Covered by a very long white coat, very elegant with a proud and
distinguished head carriage.
Length of body
exceeds by about 38% the height at the withers. The length of the head is equal
to 6/11 of the height at withers.
very docile and very intelligent.
Its length is equal
to 6/11 of the height at the withers. It is rather wide exceeding slightly half
of the length.
The skull is
slightly longer than the muzzle; the bizygomatic width is equal to its length
and consequently superior to the half of the length of the head. In the
sagittal direction, it is very slightly egg-shaped (ovoid); the upper part of
the skull is flat, with an occipital crest very slightly marked; the
protuberance of the frontal bones and the supraorbital ridges are well developed;
the frontal indentation of the furrow is so lightly marked, that is invisible;
the lateral faces of the parietal bones are somewhat convex.
depression strongly defined making an angle of 90°.
In the prolongation
of the nasal bridge; seen in profile, its forepart is vertical. Voluminous with
open nostrils, rounded and absolutely black.
Length of muzzle is
equal to 4/11 of the length of the head; it is therefore slightly less than its
half. The suborbital region is well chiselled. Its depth is a good 20% less
than its length. The sides of the muzzle are parallel, but the muzzle seen from
the front, must not appear square, since its anterior face joins onto the
lateral sides by curves. The muzzle is rectilinear with a well marked furrow in
its central part.
Viewed from the
front, the upper lips, at their junction, have the shape of a very open arch.
They are little developed in depth and the labial commissure is not visible.
The upper lips adapt perfectly to the lower lips, in such a way that the bottom
profile of the muzzle is defined by the lower jaw. The edges of the lips must
be absolutely black.
and light in appearance, perfectly adapted. The lower jaw, with its branches
being straight, is neither prominent nor receeding in its anterior part.
The dental arches
are perfectly adapted and the incisors in scissor articulation. Teeth are
white; the dentition is well developed and complete.
Open, with lively
and attentive expression, larger than would be expected; the shape tends to be
round. The eyelids are in close contact with the eyeball, which is never deep-set,
but rather level with the head, just slightly protruding. The eyes are set on a
same almost frontal plan. Seen from the front, they must not show sclera (white
of the eyes); they are of a dark ochre colour; eye rims are black.
Of almost triangular
shape, their width is about 1/3 of their length. They are set high above the zygomatic
arch, hanging close to the sides of the skull; with little erection.
with an abundant coat, the demarcation of the nape of the neck is obvious. The
upper profile is arched. Its length is about half of the height at the withers.
It is carried erect and does not show any loose skin.
The length from the
point of the shoulder to the point of the buttock is 38% more than the height of
to the tail-set.
Slightly raised above
Its length is about
65 % of the height at the withers.
In the prolongation
of the lumbar-dorsal line, the croup is very wide and long; its obliqueness is
10° below the horizontal.
Ample; let down
lower than the level of the elbows, with ribs not too well sprung. The
circumference of the chest is 2/3 more than the height at the withers. Sternal
region very long.
Set on level with
the croup, thick at the root and fine at the tip. Its length corresponds to
about 60% of the height at the withers. Forms a single big curve, the tip of
which falls between the haunches touching the croup. A tail curved to one side
of the body is tolerated.
On the whole they
are close to the body, the legs standing straight and parallel.
Its length represents
1/3 of the height of the withers and its obliqueness below the horizontal is of
60° to 65°.
In relation to the
median plane of the body nearly vertical.
Longer than the
shoulder, measures 40 to 45% of the height at the withers, the obliqueness below
the horizontal is of 70°. Well joined to the body in its top 2/3, and its
longitudinal direction is almost parallel to the median plane of the body.
Parallel to the
median plane of the body.
Lean with few
visible muscles, but with a rather sturdy bone structure in relation to the size
of the breed.
In the vertical line
of the forearm, mobile; should not be knotty; covered with a fine skin.
Has the same
characteristics as the carpus and, because of its short length, is vertical.
Round, toes closed
and arched; communal and digital pads should be black, the nails should be also
black or at least of a dark colour.
On the whole, of
sturdy bone structure; parallel and, seen from behind, vertical from the point
of the buttock to the ground.
Hard muscled, hind
edge is convex. Parallel to the median plane of the body, its downward and
forward direction is somewhat oblique in relation to the vertical. Its length
is nearly 40% of the height at the withers and its width is a little less than
With a groove between
the tendon and the bone hardly noticeable; its obliqueness below the horizontal
is 55°. It is slightly longer than the thigh.
angulation of the hock is 140°.
The distance from
the ground to the point of the hock is slightly more than 1/3 of the height at
the withers. Its length corresponds to the height of the hock. It is perfectly
Round as the
forefeet, with all the same characteristics.
Even, skimming the
ground, free, with short and very quick steps at the trot.
Really tight to all
parts of the body, pigmented with dark patches and patches of a reddish wine
colour, especially on the back. The rim of the eyelids, third eyelids and lips
Dense, shiny, glossy
- falling heavily and of a silky texture, very long on the whole of the body and
straight throughout its length without traces of waves or curls. On the trunk
it should be longer than the height at the withers and fall heavily back to the
ground like a cape fitting close to the trunk without opening or forming tufts
or flocks. Tufts or flocks are acceptable on the forequarters from the elbow to
the foot, and on the hindquarters, from the stifle to the foot. There is no
undercoat. On the head the coat is very long, as much on the foreface, where it
mingles with the beard, also on the skull where it falls eventually mingling
with the hair covering the ears. On the tail, the hairs fall back to one side
of the body, i.e. on the flank and on the thigh, of such length as to reach the
Pure white; a pale
ivory tinge is permitted. Traces of pale orange shades are tolerated but not
desirable and constitute an imperfection.
SIZE AND WEIGHT
Height at the withers
Males from 21
to 25 cm.
Females from 20 to
Weight : 3 to 4 kg.
Any departure from
the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which
the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.
Length of body
exceeding 43% of the height at the withers.
mouth, if it spoils the outer appearance of the muzzle.
Size in males over 26
cm or below 19 cm.
Size in bitches above
25 and below 18 cm.
divergence or convergence of the head planes.
of the nose or nose of other colour than black.
of the eyelids.
tail, whether congenital or acquired.
Any colour other than
white, with exception of pale ivory.
Patches of different
colours whatever their extension.
: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into