GENERAL APPEARANCE 

Of small size, longish body.  Covered by a very long white coat, very elegant with a proud and distinguished head carriage.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS 

Length of body exceeds by about 38% the height at the withers.  The length of the head is equal to 6/11 of the height at withers.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

 Lively, affectionate, very docile and very intelligent.

HEAD

 Its length is equal to 6/11 of the height at the withers.  It is rather wide exceeding slightly half of the length.

CRANIAL REGION

SKULL

 The skull is slightly longer than the muzzle; the bizygomatic width is equal to its length and consequently superior to the half of the length of the head.  In the sagittal direction, it is very slightly egg-shaped (ovoid); the upper part of the skull is flat, with an occipital crest very slightly marked; the protuberance of the frontal bones and the supraorbital ridges are well developed; the frontal indentation of the furrow is so lightly marked, that is invisible; the lateral faces of the parietal bones are somewhat convex.

STOP

 Frontal-nasal depression strongly defined making an angle of 90.

FACIAL REGION

NOSE

 In the prolongation of the nasal bridge; seen in profile, its forepart is vertical.  Voluminous with open nostrils, rounded and absolutely black.

MUZZLE

 Length of muzzle is equal to 4/11 of the length of the head; it is therefore slightly less than its half.  The suborbital region is well chiselled.  Its depth is a good 20% less than its length.  The sides of the muzzle are parallel, but the muzzle seen from the front, must not appear square, since its anterior face joins onto the lateral sides by curves.  The muzzle is rectilinear with a well marked furrow in its central part.

LIPS

 Viewed from the front, the upper lips, at their junction, have the shape of a very open arch.  They are little developed in depth and the labial commissure is not visible.  The upper lips adapt perfectly to the lower lips, in such a way that the bottom profile of the muzzle is defined by the lower jaw.  The edges of the lips must be absolutely black.

JAWS

 Normally developed and light in appearance, perfectly adapted.  The lower jaw, with its branches being straight, is neither prominent nor receeding in its anterior part.

TEETH

 The dental arches are perfectly adapted and the incisors in scissor articulation.  Teeth are white; the dentition is well developed and complete.

EYES

 Open, with lively and attentive expression, larger than would be expected; the shape tends to be round.  The eyelids are in close contact with the eyeball, which is never deep-set, but rather level with the head, just slightly protruding.  The eyes are set on a same almost frontal plan.  Seen from the front, they must not show sclera (white of the eyes); they are of a dark ochre colour; eye rims are black.

EARS

 Of almost triangular shape, their width is about 1/3 of their length.  They are set high above the zygomatic arch, hanging close to the sides of the skull; with little erection.

NECK

 Although covered with an abundant coat, the demarcation of the nape of the neck is obvious.  The upper profile is arched.  Its length is about half of the height at the withers.  It is carried erect and does not show any loose skin.

BODY

 The length from the point of the shoulder to the point of the buttock is 38% more than the height of the withers.

TOP LINE

Straight to the tail-set.

WHITERS

Slightly raised above the topline.

BACK

 Its length is about 65 % of the height at the withers.

CROUP

 In the prolongation of the lumbar-dorsal line, the croup is very wide and long; its obliqueness is 10 below the horizontal.

CHEST

 Ample; let down lower than the level of the elbows, with ribs not too well sprung.  The circumference of the chest is 2/3 more than the height at the withers.  Sternal region very long.

TAIL

 Set on level with the croup, thick at the root and fine at the tip.  Its length corresponds to about 60% of the height at the withers.  Forms a single big curve, the tip of which falls between the haunches touching the croup.  A tail curved to one side of the body is tolerated.


 

LIMBS

FOREQUARTERS

 On the whole they are close to the body, the legs standing straight and parallel.

SHOULDER

Its length represents 1/3 of the height of the withers and its obliqueness below the horizontal is of 60 to 65.

In relation to the median plane of the body nearly vertical.

UPPER ARM

 Longer than the shoulder, measures 40 to 45% of the height at the withers, the obliqueness below the horizontal is of 70.  Well joined to the body in its top 2/3, and its longitudinal direction is almost parallel to the median plane of the body.

ELBOWS

 Parallel to the median plane of the body.

FOREARM

 Lean with few visible muscles, but with a rather sturdy bone structure in relation to the size of the breed.

PASTERN JOINT

 In the vertical line of the forearm, mobile; should not be knotty; covered with a fine skin.

PASTERN

 Has the same characteristics as the carpus and, because of its short length, is vertical.

FOREFEET

 Round, toes closed and arched; communal and digital pads should be black, the nails should be also black or at least of a dark colour.

HINDQUARTERS

 On the whole, of sturdy bone structure; parallel and, seen from behind, vertical from the point of the buttock to the ground.

UPPER THIGH

 Hard muscled, hind edge is convex.  Parallel to the median plane of the body, its downward and forward direction is somewhat oblique in relation to the vertical.  Its length is nearly 40% of the height at the withers and its width is a little less than its length.

LOWER THIGH

With a groove between the tendon and the bone hardly noticeable; its obliqueness below the horizontal is 55.  It is slightly longer than the thigh.

HOCK JOINT

 The forward angulation of the hock is 140.

HOCK

 The distance from the ground to the point of the hock is slightly more than 1/3 of the height at the withers.  Its length corresponds to the height of the hock.  It is perfectly upright.

HIND FEET

 Round as the forefeet, with all the same characteristics.

GAIT/MOVEMENT

 Even, skimming the ground, free, with short and very quick steps at the trot.

SKIN

 Really tight to all parts of the body, pigmented with dark patches and patches of a reddish wine colour, especially on the back.  The rim of the eyelids, third eyelids and lips are black.

COAT

HAIR

 Dense, shiny, glossy - falling heavily and of a silky texture, very long on the whole of the body and straight throughout its length without traces of waves or curls.  On the trunk it should be longer than the height at the withers and fall heavily back to the ground like a cape fitting close to the trunk without opening or forming tufts or flocks.  Tufts or flocks are acceptable on the forequarters from the elbow to the foot, and on the hindquarters, from the stifle to the foot.  There is no undercoat.  On the head the coat is very long, as much on the foreface, where it mingles with the beard, also on the skull where it falls eventually mingling with the hair covering the ears.  On the tail, the hairs fall back to one side of the body, i.e. on the flank and on the thigh, of such length as to reach the hock.

COLOUR

 Pure white; a pale ivory tinge is permitted.  Traces of pale orange shades are tolerated but not desirable and constitute an imperfection.

SIZE AND WEIGHT 

Height at the withers :

Males     from   21 to 25 cm.

Females  from 20 to 23 cm.

Weight : 3 to 4 kg.

FAULTS

 Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.

Bilateral strabismus (cross-eyed).

Length of body exceeding 43% of the height at the withers.

SERIOUS FAULTS

Roman nose.

Accentuated undershot mouth, if it spoils the outer appearance of the muzzle.

Size in males over 26 cm or below 19 cm.

Size in bitches above 25 and below 18 cm.

ELIMINATING FAULTS

Accentuated divergence or convergence of the head planes.

Total depigmentation of the nose or nose of other colour than black.

Overshot mouth.

Wall eye.

Total depigmentation of the eyelids.

Tail-less, shortened tail, whether congenital or acquired.

Frizzy coat.

Any colour other than white, with exception of pale ivory.

Patches of different colours whatever their extension.

N.B. : Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.